Iran has gone out of its way to formulate the conditions for the release of the 52 American hostages in a manner that would be legally and politically acceptable to the United States.
The four conditions, announced in an open session of the Iranian Majlis (parliament) Nov. 2, were passed within two hours of being read in the house.
Though a special parliamentary commission had been given the job of formulating the conditions more than a month ago, the final draft was actually drawn up by the commission together with the governor of the Central Bank of Iran, Ali Reza Nobari, a close aide of Iranian President Abolhassan Bani-Sadr.
Mr. Nobari has acted as adviser to the special parliamentary commission and saw Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini on Oct. 30. The Central Bank governor spent Oct. 29 and 30 with the special parliamentary commission and was able to convince the commission that the approach he had worked out was the only one the US would find both legally and politically acceptable.
By Iranian standards, the four conditions announced Nov. 2 would be considered moderate. The four were:
* That the United States "must undertake and guarantee that from now on it will not interfere in any way directly or indirectly, politically or militarily, in the affairs of the Islamic Republic of Iran."
* That the US would "release all Iranian funds" frozen by a presidential decree Nov. 14 last year, and that "all consequences resulting from this decree must be remedied." It added that "the US president must take the necessary legal and administrative action in order to cancel and annul all orders issued by American courts.
"The security and mobility and free transfer of these assets must be guaranteed against the actions of any real or legal person, whether American or not, inside the United States."