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Nicaragua presses Security Council to denounce US 'war' on Sandinistas

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For the second time this spring, Nicaragua and the United States are crossing swords at the Security Council. But this week's duel is a little more low key than the acrimonious bouts of March.

Nicaraguan Foreign Minister Miguel d'Escoto Brockman is pressing Security Council members to adopt a resolution calling for an end to what he calls the US ''undeclared war'' against Nicaragua. No matter how moderately such a resolution might be drafted, it is certain to be vetoed by the US, according to informed sources here.

Nicaragua went to the Council after President Reagan told reporters May 4 that it was ''all right'' with him if Congress wanted to require that US aid to Nicaraguan ''freedom fighters'' be ''overt instead of covert.''

This statement worries some United States allies as well as the Nicaraguans. A European ambassador says: ''If governments get into the business of encouraging insurgents in other countries, we would soon be faced with international chaos. Not only does this violate the UN Charter but it may be a double-edged sword.''

Basically, the Nicaraguan and US diplomatic positions in the UN debate remain unchanged. Nicaragua favors separate bilateral talks between itself and the US on the one hand, and between itself and Honduras on the other. Tensions with Honduras are rising because anti-Sandinista rebels operate out of bases in Honduras. Nicaragua has called for a United Nations role in policing the Nicaraguan-Honduran border.

The US insists that all regional problems should be addressed simultaneously and favors a regional discussion, preferably through the Organization of American States.


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