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Polish leaders offer some conciliatory hints on human rights

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The Polish government this week has offered the Secretary-General of the United Nations a gesture and a hint. The gesture was the release of an imprisoned UN employee, Alicja Wesolowska. She had been arrested in August 1979 while visiting her parents. Six months later she was sentenced to seven years' imprisonment on a charge of attempting to recruit Poles to work for the American Central Intelligence Agency.

The hint, flowing from what UN Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar called ''very encouraging'' talks Feb. 20 on human rights with Gen. Wojciecj Jaruzelski, was that the Polish leader may be contemplating a move on the thorny question of political detainees.

Eleven leading dissidents and former Solidarity activists have been held in martial law custody for more than two years. They were formally charged in early 1983 with plotting against the state but have not yet been brought to trial.

General Jaruzelski had long seen the Perez de Cuellar visit as a possible forum for improving his image in the West. Reportedly, however, the UN Secretary-General declined to go to Poland without assurances of Miss Wesolowska's early release - which then occurred while he was still in Poland.

The Secretary-General and General Jaruzelski also discussed the international situation. Mr. Perez de Cuellar later commended Polish concern for a resumption of East-West dialogue. But the main theme of the Perez de Cuellar visit was undoubtedly human rights.

In his acceptance speech Sunday of an honorary degree in Krakow, the Secretary-General spoke in general terms of widespread violations of human rights around the world. He singled out no specific countries. But his forceful allusions to free and independent trade unions as one of the most fundamental rights hit home with special force in Poland.


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