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How Reagan, Congress see sanctions

Reagan says US will: Prohibit bank loans to the South African government, except for those going to programs helping blacks.

Bar the sale of computers to South African agencies enforcing apartheid.

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Stop all exports of nuclear technology until Pretoria agrees to meet the terms of international nonproliferation agreements.

Consult with trading partners about banning the sale of the Kruggerand in the US and direct the Treasury to consider minting a gold coin to serve as an alternative to the coin.

Appoint an advisory commission to report on progress of reform and encourage peaceful change. The House-passed bill would:

Ban exports, worth $100,000 or more, of US-made computers and software to the South African police, military, arms manufacturers, prisons, and agencies that administer apartheid.

Ban sale of nuclear-power equipment and technology, unless South Africa signs the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty.

Ban new loans to South African government, except for loans to educational, housing, or other facilities open to all races.

Ban importation of the Krugerrand. But the President could waive the ban if he observed government reforms.

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Provide for a 12-month reassessment of South Africa's progress toward reform and the option for more sanctions. The Senate:

Seeks to postpone until next Spring voting on a bill that provides for sanctions. The action by Senate Majority Leader Robert Dole (R) of Kansas came in anticipation of Reagan's announcement yesterday.

Senate Republican leaders say they want to keep their compromise version of the House bill alive. The Senate bill (which has yet to be passed by the full Senate) would, like the House bill, use economic sanctions but is described as less punitive.

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