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Blacks unmoved by apparent easing of ban on S. African activist

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South Africa's apparent easing of restrictions on prominent black activist Winnie Mandela is unlikely to dent black skepticism and bitterness toward the white government. Even as Mrs. Mandela returned to her family home in Soweto yesterday, black church leader Bishop Desmond Tutu said for the first time that he favored worldwide economic sanctions against South Africa. He has threatened to take such a position on various occasions.

During the last 19 months, nearly 1,400 people have died in violence accompanying the struggle by South Africa's blacks for an end to apartheid, the government's policy of forced racial segregation.

In a news conference symptomatic of the widening gap between the black and white people here, the black Anglican declared: ``I have no hope of real change in this government . . . unless they are forced.'' He said his efforts had failed to pursuade the government to dismantle apartheid.

Lawyers have never been able to offer a clear-cut assessment of whether people like Tutu risk prosecution by advocating economic sanctions againt South Africa. Tutu said Wednesday that the threat of government action would not have deterred him. He further stated that economic measures from abroad should be ``concerted, united,. . .and immediate.''

Mrs. Mandela was also bleak in remarks to reporters. And she dismissed, as a ruse, intermittent government statements about freeing her jailed husband, who is the leader of the most prominent black nationalist movement, the outlawed African National Congress. Since 1963, Nelson Mandela has been serving a life sentence for plotting a revolution.

Mrs. Mandela's precise legal status was unclear at time of writing Wednesday evening. Her lawyer said she had returned to Soweto because the government had decided not to contest an appeal of the order that has barred her from living there for nearly a decade. There was no immediate police move to keep her out of Soweto Wednesday.


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