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Constitutional Journal

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-Monday, June 25, 1787 Last Friday Oliver Ellsworth of Connecticut boldly suggested that members of Congress be paid by their respective States.

THE large States of Virginia, Pennsylvania, and Massachusetts were charged today with proposing a single national government, although these largest States have proved ``Worst Governed.''

That indictment was delivered up by Oliver Ellsworth of Connecticut, the small States' point man at today's Convention session, as delegates vainly sought to wrestle with the question of composition of a national Senate.

James Wilson of Pennsylvania had provoked Mr. Ellsworth by opposing election of senators by the State legislatures. Mr. Wilson insisted that individuals in the national government will lay aside their State connections and act for the good of the whole.

``We must forget our local habits and attachments,'' Mr. Wilson added. ``The general government should not depend on the State governments.'' His motion to reverse an earlier vote for election of the Senate by the State legislatures - and have elections by the people of the United States - did not even summon a second.

Judge Ellsworth, in replying to Mr. Wilson, said that every State has its particular views and prejudices. Without their cooperation, he went on, it would be impossible to support a national republican government over so vast a geographical area as America. Virginia has been obliged to concede her inability to extend her government to the Kentucky territory. Massachusetts cannot keep the peace 100 miles from her own capital, Judge Ellsworth added, referring to the violent disorders over the last 10 months that have troubled many delegates. He then went on:


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