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Soviet press warms to United States. THE VIEW FROM MOSCOW

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The Moscow sun, as if following a cue in the summit scenario, yesterday finally broke through the gray cloud that has hung over the city during the dreary buildup to winter. The signing of the intermediate-range nuclear forces (INF) treaty, broadcast live on Soviet television Tuesday night, has definitely brightened the official Soviet stance on the United States. There are no signs of a ``Reagan fever'' developing here, but there is recognition of the President's new distance from the extreme right and his responsiveness to public opinion.

The weekly Literaturnaya Gazeta yesterday cited the White House apology to peace demonstrators for the cold reception given to their ``peace bridge'' on the eve of the summit. Different publications have quoted the President's televised comments about opponents of the INF treaty and their belief that nuclear war between the superpowers is unavoidable.

Still, cautious notes are also being sounded. Press spokesman Gennadi Gerasimov, writing in Sovietskaya Kultura, points out that five of the six Republican presidential candidates oppose the arms agreement. ``This means,'' he writes, ``that not everyone in America has understood the suicidal nature of nuclear war.''

Mr. Gerasimov also speculates that the beginning of nuclear disarmament may result in a compensatory increase in conventional weapons. Arms manufacturers are preparing for their own perestroika (restructuring), he claims.

But Gerasimov ends his comments by saying that there are not yet any ``concrete arguments'' against the next step in arms control: The reduction of strategic nuclear weapons. ``There are doubts about the reality of its attainment in the short time left to this administration,'' he writes, ``but even the President has expressed optimism. This means there is political will on both sides.''

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