La Paz, Bolivia
Mar'ia L'opez remembers dancing for Bolivian President V'ictor Paz Estenssoro when he visited her remote mining community after being elected for the first time 35 years ago. It was the year of the 1952 revolution, and Mr. Paz was the leader who carried out sweeping land reform, nationalization of the lucrative tin mines, and who gave thousands of disenfranchised Bolivian peasants the vote.
``We went to the road to meet him, and it was far,'' recalls Mrs. L'opez, now a mother of six children. ``We made presents and carried him to town on our shoulders.''
Now, Mrs. L'opez - who worked as a mineral sorter from the age of 13 until being forced last year to quit along with thousands of Bolivian mine workers - says she and other peasants feel cheated by the man they voted into power four times.
On Dec. 6, Bolivians confirmed their deepening disappointment with the Paz government by voting against the ruling Nationalist Revolutionary Movement in the first nationwide municipal elections in the past 40 years.
The final results have not come out yet, but initial results show the vote is split between the conservative Nationalist Democratic Action Party and the Leftist Revolutionary Movement.
The Paz government has been heralded for reducing the rate of inflation from 25,000 percent when it took office in August 1985, to about 20 percent this year. But the Dec. 6 vote was yet another sign that Draconian austerity measures aimed at whipping the battered economy into shape have exacted a high social cost and are taking their toll.
Last month, Mar'ia L'opez was one of an estimated 1,700 miners and their wives who went on a month-long hunger strike throughout Bolivia. They were striking to push for jobs and higher benefits for some 20,000 miners forced to quit when the government announced the dismantling of the state mining sector in August 1985. They called off the protest this year on Dec. 4 after the government and union members responded to pressures from the Roman Catholic Church for dialogue after two babies died during the hunger strike.