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British Union Group Votes to Curb Powers

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BRITISH trade unionists have voted decisively in favor of curbing their powers and say they would support a Labour government that set strict limits on the right to strike. The decision, passed by an overwhelming majority at the annual meeting of the Trades Union Congress (TUC) in Blackpool, means that many of the laws passed by Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher's government during an 11-year campaign to restrict union rights will be accepted by the Labour Party if it defeats the ruling Conservatives in the next general election.

Labour leader Neil Kinnock, who hopes to become prime minister, welcomed the result and told TUC delegates that they could expect no favors from a Labour government.

The TUC, with a membership of 8.4 million, brings together under one umbrella most of Britain's unionized workers. In past years, it could be counted upon to insist on members' rights to make their own decisions about industrial matters, without the need for a government-sanctioned framework of law. Cartoonists always used to depict the TUC as an old and stubborn cart horse.

Mr. Kinnock has been trying to modernize the movement and persuade it to abandon policies that in the last three general elections (all won by Mrs. Thatcher) turned millions of voters away. At the Blackpool meeting, his efforts paid off. Organized labor in effect endorsed, by a big majority, industrial relations policies decided on earlier this year by the Labour Party after exhaustive internal debate.

Tony Blair, Labour's employment spokesman, said Monday that the vote would clear the way for a forward-looking approach by the TUC to industrial matters. The entrenched attitudes of the past, he said, had been ``laid to rest.''

The policies now endorsed by the TUC outlaw the closed shop, require secret ballots in electing union officers and taking decisions on strike action, and set tight limits on secondary picketing (demonstrations in support of strikes by workers not directly involved in an industrial dispute).

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