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Brazil Readies For Pope Whose Mission Is Change

Visit aims to curtail liberation theology, growth of Evangelicals

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POPE John Paul II arrives Saturday in Brazil for a 10-day visit with the world's largest Roman Catholic populace. The Pope himself initiated this visit with the intent of making a significant impact on Brazilian Catholics, church officials say.As the agent of widespread change in the Brazilian Catholic Church during the last 10 years, the Pope, who will arrive on the feast day of Brazil's patron saint, is expected to push for transformation within the church to surmount challenges that lie ahead. Those challenges center on how the church can meet the needs of Brazil's growing number of poor, while boosting the church's rate of growth. On the question of helping the poor, the Pope is seeking a shift in emphasis. During the last two decades, many Catholic clerics here have - contrary to Vatican wishes - adopted "liberation theology," which typically uses Bible teachings as a foundation from which to preach for social and economic change. Clerics have, for example, organized rural squatter settlements to push land reform and encouraged factory workers to mobilize for better pay and work conditions. Liberation theology also has leftist ties. Some clerics are self-avowed Marxists who campaigned hard for the leftist Workers Party during the last presidential election. During his visits to 10 Brazilian cities, the Pope is expected to emphasize an orientation that concentrates on an individual's inner needs, say priests and others. His speeches are likely to focus on preaching the gospel and advocating the clerical vocation with the aim of meeting needs as well as bolstering church growth. "The excessive concentration on liberation theology ... led the church to lose its chance to deal with individuals, with things such as identity crises, psychological depression, family crises, fears, phobias, sin, and guilt complexes," says the Rev. Caio Fabio D'Araujo Filho, a Presbyterian minister and president of the Rio de Janeiro-based Brazilian Evangelical Association, one of Brazil's fastest-growing churches.

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