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Baby Bells Go to Court Pushing Deregulation

Congress is already considering several bills

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THE Baby Bells, the seven regional phone companies spawned by the 1984 AT&T breakup, opened a second front in their war with the government over telecommunications regulations Wednesday.

The United States Congress is considering several bills that would introduce more competition into the heavily regulated telecommunications industry.

Now four of the seven companies - Bell Atlantic Corp, BellSouth Corp., Nynex Corp., and Southwestern Bell Corp. - are also filing a legal motion that asks US District Judge Harold H. Greene to overturn his 1982 consent decree that prevents the Bells from offering anything but local phone service.

If the decree is vacated, industry watchers say they expect significantly lower prices for services, more jobs, and a boosted gross national product.

``Greater competition benefits the consumer,'' says Peter Huber, spokesman for the four Bell companies. ``It pushes prices down and pushes the quality of service up.''

Experts expect deregulation, as well as increased competition, to take place over the next decade, regardless of actions on Capitol Hill or in the Justice Department, says Adam Thierer of the Heritage Foundation.

Bells' options

If Judge Greene does decide to overturn the decree, the Bells could offer long-distance service and cable TV, and also could manufacture and sell telecommunications equipment.

In the past, Greene has made notoriously slow decisions, which suggests that a resolution could be a long wait.

Even though the Bells are filing the motion, they are ``still hopeful about legislation,'' according to Bell Atlantic spokeswoman Joan Rasmussen.

The legislation is in danger of not getting through the Senate this session. If the Senate cannot get a bill out, Congress will have to start all over again next session, slowing the move toward legislative deregulation.

But the Baby Bells have had more success in the judicial arena than the legislative one, Mr. Thierer says. The other three Bells -

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