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Canada to Kill Seals To Aid Cod Fishermen

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IN a move that infuriates animal rights advocates, Canada has decided to subsidize and expand the annual hunt for sad-eyed, fish-eating harp seals on Newfoundland's rocky shore.

Canadian fishermen and the government contend that an exploding seal population inhibits the recovery of Canada's Atlantic cod fisheries. Overfishing is now widely blamed for destroying these once-abundant cod populations.

But with few cod left - and a fishing ban leaving at least 40,000 Atlantic fishermen unemployed - the focus is now on the seals, which eat cod among many other types of fish. Fishermen have long blamed the seals for cod predation, and Newfoundland has been pressuring the government to act.

''This government will work with the sealers and fishermen to rebuild a viable and expanded commercial seal hunt next year,'' announced Brian Tobin, minister of fisheries and oceans, on June 28 in the Magdalen Islands off Newfoundland. Mr. Tobin led the recent fight to save the Atlantic turbot from being overfished by Spanish and other foreign fleets.

Under international pressure, Canada banned the killing of young ''whitecoat'' seals in 1987 after actress Brigitte Bardot took to the ice in their defense in the early 1970s, and journalists filmed them being clubbed to death. The United States banned seal products in 1972, and the European Union banned whitecoat pelts in 1983. The ban on killing whitecoats will remain in place.

About 60,000 seals were ''harvested'' this spring out of a quota of 186,000. The government plans to increase the quota next year, Mr. Tobin says, and pay seal hunters 20 cents a pound for seal meat to reduce the number of seals. The cost to taxpayers is estimated at about $1.5 million.

According to federal estimates, seals eat only about 40 pounds of Atlantic cod per seal per year. But with an estimated seal population of 4.8 million - double that of 20 years ago - the total is about 80,000 tons per year. That level, some say, could hinder recovery of the cod stocks, although no direct scientific evidence exists to support this conclusion.

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