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Home Alone Isn't All It's Cracked Up to Be

Summer and out-of-school programs aid working parents in keeping latchkey kids off the streets and out of trouble

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Eleven-year-old Frederick Hollins can describe last summer in a single word: bor-ring.

He and his mother, Lisa, knew no one in the urban neighborhood where they had just moved. So Ms. Hollins, who works from 11 p.m. to 7 a.m. as a nursing supervisor, was reluctant to let her son play outside while she slept during the day. Day after hot day, Frederick played indoors until his mother awoke.

This summer promises to be much more exciting. As one of 60 9-to-13-year-olds enrolled in a pilot program called the Citizen School, Frederick will spend nearly six weeks learning apprenticeships in three fields. He'll play sports and do community service.

"This has everything I was looking for,'' Ms. Hollins says of the nonprofit program. "Freddie's going to be learning something."

For legions of other school-aged children, vacation days will be far less structured. Although summer programs are increasing, supply still falls far short of meeting the needs of many single-parent or dual-career families. Working parents, particularly those in lower-income jobs, must often make do with a patchwork of arrangements, including leaving children alone.

Estimates of the number of latchkey children in the United States vary widely, from the Census Bureau's admittedly conservative figure of 1.5 million to as many as 9 million. Yet child advocates agree on one point: Home alone may be funny in the movies, but it's no laughing matter in real life, particularly in neighborhoods where violence and crime cast long shadows.

Children's safety is an issue, as is their risk of falling in with the wrong crowd. One study of 350 10-to-12-year-olds in Illinois finds that unsupervised children use drugs at a much higher rate than those who were supervised. Latchkeys are four times more likely to have gotten drunk in the past month than other youths and more than twice as likely to have smoked during the same period.

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