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The Atomic Era Begins as War in Asia and Recovery in Europe Continue

THE two edges of the atomic sword - nuclear energy's destructive potential and peacetime possibilities - are evident in the lead headline of this issue of The Christian Science Monitor. Already it is clear that the development and use of the bomb have changed the course of history.

But Japan has not yet surrendered, and another bomb awaits Nagasaki a few days later. Chinese troops supported by American air power continue to retake ground from the Japanese.

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Elsewhere, recovery from the war in Europe progresses. The US refuses to recognize the Soviet Union's annexation of Latvia, Lithuania, and Estonia. The Baltic states will maintain legations in Washington and other Western capitals for the next four decades until the collapse of the Soviet Union reestablishes their independence. In Germany, border changes anger the public.

As the United Nations takes shape, the United States Senate wrestles with the powers and functions of the US delegate. Postwar economic difficulties are on the agenda as well, as Congress debates housing and employment legislation. To the north, Canada struggles with issues that persist today - the respective roles of the federal and provincial governments.

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