Africa, Asia, Mideast, Latin America, and U.S. South see rapid religious growth.
Religious signposts at the close of the 20th century are full of surprises.
* In a 1998 Gallup poll, more than two-thirds of Americans said religion could "solve all or most of our problems."
* While the world's population has grown by 60 percent since 1970, the number of evangelical Christians has risen by 126 percent.
* One of every 7 human beings was a Muslim in 1950; today it is 1 of every 5.
* The Internet now carries some 140 million pages related to religion; "spirituality" is the fastest growing field in US book publishing.
It wasn't supposed to be this way.
Thirty years ago, futurists were predicting a "scientific, secular, Epicurean global society" by the year 2000, says Martin Marty, writer, educator, and director of the Public Religion Project. Some theologians asserted that God was dead. And even America's top theologian, Paul Tillich, said that the words "spiritual" and "spirituality" were gone from the culture and could never be recovered.
Science and technology, it was widely assumed in the West, held the keys to the future, and religion was in decline.
But at the end of this century of tumultuous change, massive population shifts to urban centers, unprecendented warfare, rise and collapse of ideologies, spread of consumer culture, and breakneck technological developments, the majority of the planet's peoples are focusing with new earnestness on matters of faith and the spirit.
Those who chart the course of religious trends - and communicate with believers across the United States and on other continents - see a religious transformation taking place that indicates we are entering a new era.
Whether it is a peasant family in the developing world jarred by the traumatic move to the megacity or a young adult in the US seeking a sense of identity beyond "a random accident in the universe," an intense search is under way by millions to find a spiritual center for their lives.
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