A city calibrates rising risks and shrinking funds as sirens wail and guards ride subways.
John Pena sits on a police barricade outside Grand Central Terminal, sipping coffee as he surveys the half-dozen police cars. He shakes his head. "I saw military guys with machine guns in the mezzanine," he says. "To some degree it makes me feel safe, but also, not safe at all."
With that, Mr. Pena sums up the conflict many New Yorkers feel about the dramatic increase in police and military presence since the war began - a fusion of comfort and fear that mirrors a rising ambivalence nationwide. As cities beef up security, they face nagging questions about the measures' effectiveness as well as their costs. In some places, the need to guard against terrorism competes with local police duties. In others, residents fear civil liberties are being sacrificed.
In little towns like Hopewell, Va., police work overtime to guard a chemical plant, at the expense of some of their regular patrols. In major ports like Los Angeles, police work 12-hour shifts - guarding gates and diving for explosives - racking up $6 million in overtime in the past year.
But nowhere are the effects of heightened security more magnified than in New York, the only city to have sustained a major peacetime attack in more than a century. People are edgy, even going about their daily business. Add to that the price for this show of preparedness: $5 million a day.
It's racking nerves and draining city coffers - straining an economy that hasn't rebounded from 9/11. It all adds up to what New York political analyst Fred Seigel sees as a "very vulnerable city." "There's a tension that runs through the whole city now," he says. "It's a sense of the comprehensiveness of what we're facing."
That's evident inside Grand Central, where the sirens' echo and the sight of so many police and National Guardsmen rattles Salliegh Rothrock. She's waiting to catch a Connecticut-bound train.
"Seeing all of the police makes me feel very nervous, like something is imminent," says the midtown resident. "I do think there is going to be some more terrorism because of this war. So I'm glad they're there, I just don't know how effective they can be."