'Go out and play' vs. 'de-naturing of childhood'
One of the best gifts earlier generations of parents gave to their children was a simple command, delivered again and again: "Go out and play." Those four little words offered an antidote to boredom, an outlet for youthful energy, and above all a firsthand look at the wonders of flowers and bugs, pine cones and clouds. Woods and fields beckoned, and nature became an everyday part of childhood.
Today unstructured outdoor activity has largely disappeared for many American children. Tethered to TV and video games, they lead sedentary lives. As one fourth-grader in San Diego puts it, "I like to play indoors better 'cause that's where all the electrical outlets are."
Apprehensive parents, fearful of everything from "stranger danger" to traffic and crime, also keep offspring close to home. A study of three generations of 9-year-olds found that in 1990, the radius around the home where children were allowed to roam on their own had shrunk to a ninth of what it had been in 1970. For latchkey children who return from school to an empty house, there is a stern new parental command: "Don't you dare go outside."
The result is disastrous, says Richard Louv in his important and original book, "Last Child in the Woods." Children can speak knowledgeably about the environment - the disappearing rain forest and the growing ozone layer - but many have little firsthand acquaintance with the flora and fauna outside their doors. Nature has become an abstraction, the stuff of PBS specials rather than daily life. Some children have never climbed a tree, picked violets in the spring, or watched a pale green cocoon on a milkweed leaf metamorphose into a monarch butterfly.
The loss is everyone's, says Louv, a child advocate and journalist who coined the phrase "nature-deficit disorder." He argues persuasively that children's total well being is at stake. New studies suggest that direct exposure to green growing things can reduce the incidence of Attention Hyperactivity Deficit Disorder. It lessens stress and heightens children's creativity and concentration. Above all, it increases their joy in life.