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Under bank sanctions, North Korea looks to gold exports

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More than a century after American mining engineers first opened up North Korea's gold mines, a fortune in gold and other metals and minerals offers the prospect for North Korea to ease the pressures of financial sanctions.

The question, however, is whether North Korea can navigate around a US Treasury order that forbids institutions doing business in the United States from dealing with Banco Delta Asia in Macao, the main avenue for North Korean financial dealings.

The Treasury ban, first promulgated in 2005, has effectively frozen the North's efforts to conduct international business. While it doesn't extend to gold, market experts say that US officials have made it clear that banks should not buy North Korean gold. [Editor's note: The original version misstated the year the Treasury ban was instituted.]

"The US has been using coercion, innuendo, and sheer force to intimidate banks from dealing with North Korea," says Colin McAskill, chairman of Koryo Asia Ltd., which invests in North Korea through the Chosun Development & Investment Fund. "We want to get a breakthrough on the six-party talks by getting the sanctions eased or lifted entirely. We're at a very delicate stage."

North Korea, says Mr. McAskill, "wants to move back into legitimate business." Selling gold on the London market – the world's largest – "is one way they can prove that," he adds. "They have a wealth of minerals – gold, silver, zinc, magnesite, copper, uranium, platinum – that needs investment to extract."

One indication of North Korea's need to sell gold was its decision to provide information needed by the London Bullion Market Association (LBMA) to list the North's central bank as a "good deliverer" of gold and silver. Listing with the LBMA is essential for refiners who want to sell their products in London. The bank's listing was suspended 2-1/2 years ago when it failed to respond to LBMA requests for "proactive monitoring."

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