After Thursday's 65-27 vote, Democrats expect the House will pass even more renewable-fuel and conservation measures.
An 11th-hour Senate compromise over fuel-economy standards has paved the way for comprehensive legislation that pushes US energy policy in a new direction.
Unlike two years ago, when Congress passed incentives to increase production of oil and gas in its energy bill, this time it is emphasizing renewable fuels and conservation.
After the Senate's 65-27 vote approving the bill Thursday night, the House of Representatives is developing its own energy strategy including elements that fell out of the Senate bill such as tax incentives for renewable fuels and a renewable electricity mandate.
The Senate bill includes a number of "green" proposals:
• The first rise in corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standards in two decades. Automakers would have to produce passenger vehicles, including light trucks and SUVs, that would get an average of 35 miles per gallon by 2020, a rise of about 10 m.p.g. from today.
• A requirement to boost the use of ethanol in motor fuel to at least 36 billion gallons annually by 2022 – seven times what the industry produced last year.
• Antigouging provisions that would make it a crime to charge "unconscionably excessive" prices for gasoline and other oil-based fuels.
• New energy-efficiency standards for appliances and lighting.
• Grants and other incentives for research on fuel-efficient vehicles.
Senate Democrats describe the bill as a breakthrough for energy conservation and say they are confident that the House will build on the momentum and push for more renewable-energy and conservation measures.
"Democrats want to change the direction of energy policy in America, and we took good a great step toward that goal last night," says Sen. Maria Cantwell (D) of Washington.
The Senate passed the measure despite intense lobbying from Ford, GM, and DaimlerChrysler. But the bill leaves out a $28.5 billion tax package that would have taxed oil companies to fund $32 billion in incentives for wind power, ethanol, and other renewable fuels. That provision fell three votes short. (Two Democrats who would have voted for the bill were absent.)
The bill also does not include the requirement that power plants produce 15 percent of electricity from cleaner energy sources.