Communal healing is more important than Western-style prosecution.
Uganda has enjoyed relative calm since the rebel Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) joined the government in peace talks last year. The talks have been on-and-off at best, with the third round just starting this month.
At stake is whether peace will continue. The people of northern Uganda believe it can, if the international community allows them to practice their own cultural traditions of justice.
In dealing with war crimes, the West has emphasized criminal proceedings and punishment, including use of the International Criminal Court (ICC); anything less, advocates say, leads to impunity and possibly future violence. Without justice, the adage goes, there is no peace.
But the people of northern Uganda, the Acholi, are convinced peace talks will fail if Western-based standards of prosecution prevail. "An eye for an eye makes the whole world blind," says Ojara Bosco (quoting Gandhi), a member of the peace committee at Unyama camp for internally displaced persons (IDPs).
The LRA will leave the negotiating table, they believe, and continue the violence that has touched virtually every family in Acholi-land. Already they have endured two decades of atrocities: mutilation, rape, murder, the forced relocation of 1.6 million people into camps for IDPs, and the abduction of 30,000 children turned into combatants by the LRA.
Thus, the Acholi want this round of talks to prioritize their traditional systems of justice over what the West prefers. "Since the wrongs were committed on the Acholi people, we want to deal with them in the Acholi way," says Okiedi Raymond, chairman of the peace committee in Unyama camp. Indeed, it is imperative that the Acholi be able to confront issues of accountability and reconciliation not as the West deems acceptable, but as their culture dictates.
For northern Ugandans, without forgiveness, there is no peace; justice is achieved through the restoration of relationships. And they have a cultural tradition in place for achieving this: , a longstanding practice that involves truth-telling and accountability, forgiveness, and reparations.