Joshua Dubler explores the powerful and often surprising role that religion plays inside a prison.
"To the lifers," says the dedication page of a new book. Those are prisoners who have no hope of freedom. They'll never go on a date or sit in traffic or watch the big game from the couch with the kids.
But they still seek. And, as revealed in Down in the Chapel: Religious Life in an American Prison, they still find.
A Christian inmate named Al locates God in the Bible, which he considers a direct link to the Almighty. Baraka, a Muslim, believes God comes to us through a chain of humanity over the eons. And Vic, an atheist, has his own goal in sight: the victory of reason over those with cock-eyed theories about, say, how language affects how we see the world.
We meet all these men within the first few pages of "Down in the Chapel." Soon, we're listening to them debate religion with all the impenetrable wonkery, cocky bluster, and mutual affection of sci-fi buffs arguing over the best "Star Trek" series. They even expertly toss around events and concepts like the Council of Nicaea, tikkun olam (a Jewish tradition that means "repair of the world"), and good ol' sophistry.
Where are we? As prisons go, nowhere particularly special. Just a maximum-security facility near Philadelphia called Graterford Prison. Its chapel offers programs for Catholics and Christian Scientists, Jews and Jehovah's Witnesses, followers of Native American faiths and Episcopalians. There's even a 350-pound inmate thought to be a Satanist who's actually a gentle, non-violent Wiccan. He had to spend two years fighting bureaucracy to get the right to wear a silver pentagram around his neck as a sign of his faith.
"Down in the Chapel" author Joshua Dubler, an assistant professor of religion at the University of Rochester, protects the privacy of inmates by using pseudonyms. He also focuses little on their crimes for the debatable reason that their worst moments don't define their character.
But we still learn much about these men. Readers parachute into dozens of conversations in the prison's chapel, which Dubler visits on a regular basis. He worked with prisoners there for six years but focuses "Down in the Chapel" on a single week around 2006.