Working mothers, faced with growing financial responsibilities, can take steps to lighten their load.
American families celebrating Mother's Day next Sunday might take some time to reflect on the changing financial role that mothers play.
The days when mothers remained home to raise children are rapidly disappearing.
Today, most mothers hold jobs outside the home, assume the burden of caregiving for older family members, care for adult children and grandchildren, and increasingly support themselves in retirement.
According to the US Department of Labor Statistics, over 75 percent of mothers with children between the ages of 6 and 17 are in the workforce. In 1975, little more than half of mothers with school-age children worked outside the home.
Despite the rise of working moms, they face both gender inequality and employment discrimination in the workplace. In 2006, women earned an average $0.77 to every $1 of their equally educated male counterparts, according to the US Census Bureau. This inequity exists at all levels of the workforce.
In addition, mothers are at an apparent disadvantage when competing for jobs against women without kids. A 2005 study sponsored by Cornell University determined that, from equally qualified résumés, employers would hire 84 percent of women without children, compared with 47 percent of women who disclosed they were mothers. Once hired, mothers were offered $11,000 less for the same job compared with women who were not mothers.
Many moms work to build college funds for their childrens' educations, but their responsibilities do not end there. Among 2007 college grads, nearly half expected to "boomerang" home for at least a short period.