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J.C. Penney borrows $850 million: Is it enough?

J.C. Penney has pulled $850 million from its revolving credit line to be able to pay its vendors, increasingly skittish after J.C. Penney's failed attempts at a turnaround.

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J.C. Penney is hoping its former CEO can revive the retailer, after a risky turnaround strategy backfired and led to massive losses and steep sales declines. The company's board of directors ousted CEO Ron Johnson after only 17 months on the job and rehired Johnson's predecessor, Mike Ullman.

Mark Lennihan / AP

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As J.C. Penney Co. burns through its cash after a disastrous turnaround plan and pulls $850 million dollars in credit — tapping almost half of its credit line — the flailing department store chain doesn't only have to calm its investors. It has to restore confidence among its several hundred suppliers whose constant flow of merchandise must continue if the retailer is to survive.

Penney announced Monday that it would draw $850 million from its $1.85 billion revolving credit line to pay for replenishing inventory, particularly for its overhauled home area. Some analysts say the move shows that the Plano, Texas-based company is burning through cash faster than expected. Penney is also looking for alternative sources of funding.

It comes at a critical time. Penney is wrapping up back-to-school orders and is starting to order goods for the critical holiday shopping season. Normally, retailers order goods well in advance but don't pay for them until about 30 to 60 days until after goods are shipped. If vendors start demanding to be paid in advance, stores face a cash crunch when they order goods for busy shopping periods.

"Maintaining a seamless flow of merchandise is critical," said Marshal Cohen, chief retail industry analyst with market research firm The NPD Group. If shoppers see empty shelves, they'll go somewhere else, he says.

The concerns about the future of Penney are mounting a week after Penney fired its CEO, Ron Johnson, after 17 months on the job and rehired his predecessor Mike Ullman. Johnson spearheaded a costly turnaround plan that included getting rid of most discounts, bringing in hip brands and transforming the stores into collections of mini-boutiques.

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