As a net exporter of coal, Australia would have a lot to lose from a carbon tax
Rick Rycroft / AP
This is very understandable, because Australia as a large exporter of coal has more than most other countries to lose from a carbon tax.
In countries that are net importers of carbon based energy, the efficiency loss from a carbon tax is at least in part cancelled out by an improvement in terms of trade, as the tax reduces the price excluding taxes. But in Australia and other net exporters, the terms of trade effect reinforces the efficency loss and thus aggravates the economic losses.
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