Social Security benefits: How to prepare for the tax hit(Read article summary)
Social Security income triggers big tax for newlyweds. How do you cope? See question No. 2 on Social Security and taxes in the reader mailbag.
John Nordell / The Christian Science Monitor / File
Whatâs inside?Â Here are the questions answered in todayâs reader mailbag, boiled down to five word summaries. Click on the number to jump straight down to the question.
1.Â Long term life insurance
2.Â Social Security and taxes
3.Â Dental challenges
4.Â Fear of switching careers
5.Â Money from selling household items
6.Â Haircuts and appearance value
7.Â Considering purchases again
8.Â Emergency fund and future
9.Â My business partner is lazy
10.Â Children and television
Iâm often blown away by other peopleâs definitions of fun. For some, you have to have alcohol to have fun. Others seem to require spending lots of money.
Iâm usually pretty happy doing almost anything as long as itâs with people I like. Iâm always taken aback by people who loudly announce that the current event is boring and that booze or spending need to happen in order for them to be placated.
Q1: Long term life insurance
I have had life insurance through SBLI and through my employer for a long time. My questions arenât about how much or what kind to have. My children are now young adults, so I donât need to worry about providing for them, but I would like to leave them and any future grandchildren a good sum when I die. The only way for me to do that would be through life insurance, as I have no money saved or invested and no time left to accumulate even a small fortune. So my questions are, is it possible to continue a life insurance policy into old age? Would it be very expensive? How is a life insurance benefit taxed when it is paid to the beneficiary? Is there any way to reduce the amount of taxes the beneficiary will have to pay? Would it be better to leave money to minors than to adults?
There are lots of different varieties of life insurance policies out there. Generally, ones that last a person for their entire life tend to have rather high premiums â after all, the insurance company isnât in the business of paying out more than theyâre bringing in. Benefits of most life insurance policies are free from income tax.
If I were you, I would probably hang onto a very small policy â enough to cover your burial expenses â and instead start putting money directly into college savings funds for your grandchildren. After all, you donât seem to have any direct dependents besides yourself.
In terms of bang for the buck, this is probably going to give them the greatest benefit unless you were to die exceptionally young.
Q2: Social Security and taxes
My hubby and I were married last September. Heâs been receiving retirement income for the last two years and started receiving Social Security benefits in August of last year. We were hit hard when figuring our taxes for last year. Because weâre filing as married, his SS benefits were taxable since his other income was over a certain amount. Should we have known about this? Iâm wanting a way that we can prepare for the hit next year, as he will have received a full year of SS by next time. Should we just put a portion of that back each month for the tax bill?
Additionally, hubby cashed in some savings bonds last year and those were on our taxable interest statement. It seems that it kind of defeated the purpose of having them if weâre going to get hit with a huge bill because of cashing them in. Is there a way that we can make use of them without taking that huge hit?Â
For starters, youâre not going to get hit with a huge bill for cashing in the savings bonds. Letâs say you bought bonds for $500 and are now cashing them in for $1,000. If youâre in the 20% tax bracket, your tax bill for that $1,000 you just stuck in your pocket is only $100. Youâre only taxed on theÂ gains, and even then, the highest federal tax bracket is 35% (and most people are far, far below that).
Whenever you earn income that doesnât already have taxes taken out of it, you should put half of it in a savings account designated for taxes and forget about that money. When you do your taxes, pay your bill using the money in that account, leave behind a little bit for the following year, and withdraw the rest to do with whatever you want.
Thatâs how I do my own taxes. All of my income requires me to pay my own taxes in this way.
Q3: Dental challenges
I usually go to this great dentist, Dr. C., but this time around she was not available on the day that I needed to do the appointment so I went to a new dentist, Dr. L. Last time I saw Dr. C, in summer 2010, she told me specifically that I do *not* need to get my wisdom teeth out (Iâm 26 and still have all of them. Theyâve never hurt). Dr. L told me I absolutely *need* to get them out sometime this year. She referred me to a local oral surgeon.
I looked this surgeon up and he has horrible reviewsâŚliterally not even one review says anything positive about him. He does not work with my insurance so the estimated $3000 bill would fall on me. I called my insurance company and found out that theyâll only cover up to $1000 of any dental surgeryâŚand the closest oral surgeons they work with are 60 miles away, in another state. So Iâll still have to pay estimated $2000, plus find somebody willing to take the day off to drive me because I wonât be able to drive myself back.
Dr. L had mostly good reviews but people did mention that she tried to do a lot of referrals for wisdom teeth, veneers, teeth whitening etc, and tried to push extra services on medicaid people. And looking back on it, she didnât mention anything about wisdom teeth until after I had said I was a federal employee (USPS). What I did not mention, because this never comes up in conversation, is that Iâm classified part time, and therefore donât get all those sweet federal benefits. I just bought myself some cheapo dental and health insurance on my own because Iâm paranoid. Iâd think that if my wisdom teeth were so bad, sheâd mention it right off, not wait until 10 minutes into the consult.
If Dr. L was my only dentist, I wouldâve booked that oral surgery appointment today, but since the other dentist said I didnât need it, Iâm confused. Maybe my teeth have changed, and I do need it, or maybe Iâm being ripped off! Or maybe itâs just a difference in opinion. Iâm suspicious of Dr. L because she referred me to such a bad surgeon. My current plan is to make my next appointment with Dr. C and see what she saysâŚif she thinks I need it now then Iâll do it. Plus she is very low-cost so maybe she knows a surgeon that is cheaper.
My question is, am I reacting rationally to this, or am I cheaping out on my health? Have you ever heard of a dentist trying to upsell? This is more money than I make in a month. I have the cash in the bank to cover it, but it would make a huge dent in my downpayment-on-a-house fund, plus surgery always has risks, complications, etc.
When I was a kid (7 or 8), my parents took me to a dentist that said I needed *all* of my teeth removed. The idea being that if all my baby teeth were removed, my adult teeth would come in straighter b/c nothing would be in the way. My parents could not afford this, plus they thought it was weird, so they took me to another dentist. He said that was totally crazy and I didnât need that at all. Maybe this is the same situation?
Every time a medical professional suggests a significant procedure, you need to get a second opinion on it. In this case, your original dentist seems to be against it.
If I were you, unless there was an ongoing problem, Iâd leave your wisdom teeth alone. Iâd talk it over with my primary dentist, but it seems like there are other issues going on here outside of your teeth.
Iâm not sure whatâs going on in this story, but there are certainly some strange signs coming from the second dentist. I would not make major decisions based just on the words of this person.
Q4: Fear of switching careers
My husband would like to quit his unfulfilling job to spend some time working on a new business venture. Our only debt is $65,000 remaining on our mortgage (monthly payment about $1000), but itâs a little scary to think of cutting off our reliable source of income. Do you have recommendations or advice for us? We have three children and another on the way, and I feel a little overwhelmed about where to start looking for new insurance etc. We do have about $20,000 saved and will have a little more by the time he would quit his job.Â
Unless he has a direct and very clear path to a steady income, he should not make this leap.
The only way I would ever recommend someone making such a leap is if there is going to be enough income coming in from the other person in the relationship to cover all of the bills or if the business is already earning enough income to pay the bills due to building it in oneâs spare time.
If I were him, I would try to get the ball rolling on the business in his spare time before quitting the primary breadwinning job for the family.
Q5: Money from selling household items
My partner and I are currently working full time in well paid jobs. We are planning to leave New Zealand in six months for an indefinite period of time as we are going to travel around South America for 6-9 months, and then move to The Netherlands (where my partner is originally from) and try to live there for a year or two so that we can spend more time with his family and friends, and I can learn Dutch.
My question is to do with the money that we get from selling our joint house hold items. We have started to sell some stuff (mattress, garden tools, desk, etc) and so far have raised $400. Over the coming months weâll sell pretty everything except for a few items needed to make a house a home, and the bare necessities needed to get started with which weâll store at my parents house here in NZ. Aside from that most of our stuff will be sold via the NZ site TradeMe. We think that by the time we sell most of our household items weâll raise about $3-4k. (This doesnât include the car, or motorbike which is my partnerâs so heâll keep the money from the sale of that (fair enough!)).
I wanted to get your advice on what to do with the money we raise from selling our stuff. Our first idea was to put it towards our trip â so that we have to put in less money ourselves. Then I had an idea this morning that we could put it in a rolling term deposit, and use the money for set up costs when we finally come back to NZ. Another idea was to put it to one side, as we want to buy a house eventually and that could be the first bit of savings for usâŚ
Anyway, what do you think? Should we just put it in the âSouth Americaâ pile, or maybe towards something else?
I would keep it as an emergency fund that you would be able to access from New Zealand if necessary.
My first step, if I were you, would be to talk to my bank about international access to accounts. If that money were in a U.S. checking or savings account, could you access the funds easily in New Zealand? If not, I would seek out a bank thatÂ couldÂ make such funds available if necessary.
Given that, Iâd just let the money sit until I returned. Ideally, you wonât have to touch it and youâll have a cash reserve that will make your return to the United States quite easy.
Q6: Haircuts and appearance value
Almost since Iâve known him my husband has kept his hair cut very very short. He owns clippers and cuts his hair with the shortest setting about once a week all over his head. He works as a salesman. I am concerned that the haircut makes him look perhaps too aggressive to his clients and may be costing him sales and hurting our income. Iâm not sure how to handle this situation.
Clearly,Â somethingÂ must have led you to this conclusion. Iâd spend some time digging deep and figuring outexactlyÂ why you feel this way.
Then, talk to your husband about it if it concerns you. As his spouse, you do have a vested interest in the strength of his career. Be sure before you bring it up, though, that you truly understand where youâre coming from with this.
That being said, as long as his hair and appearance are kept, I think youâd have a hard time finding concrete evidence that short hair is damaging to the sales output of a competent salesperson.
Q7: Considering purchases again
Almost exactly a year ago I started reading your website while undergoing chemotherapy. At that time I had $4,000 of credit card debt and no savings. I have an excellent job as a scientist, but have had a hard time staying afloat after becoming a single mom about 5 years ago. After reading this site for the past year, tracking expenses, selling stuff on eBay, forgoing a few trips, and reducing spending I am happy to report that I am debt free, have $2,000 in an emergency fund, $500 in a vacation fund, and about $500 in an account for furniture! My question is on purchasing a couch. Iâm at the age (35) where Iâm starting to realize that replacing a couch will be a regular thing. The fabric couch I bought new from the store lasted 5 years with regular cleanings, the fabric couch I have now I bought off of Craigâs list 3 years ago and is increasingly uncomfortable/driving me crazy. I have wanted a leather couch for some time as I find them comfortable, easy to clean, and beautiful. They also seem to last longer (I would estimate 10 years+ instead of 5). However, Iâm not sure if itâs a wise purchase and itâs a little ostentatious. 90% of my furniture is hand-me-downs / yard sales/ thrift stores. Another consideration is that as a single mom, obtaining couches second hand and getting rid of the last couch takes a lot of coordination and help from others. Is buying a leather couch wise or foolish? I have located a mid-price local furniture maker that seems to make quality products and has a few clearance centers for items with a little damage/imperfections. Also, is there a time recommendation after one finally escapes debt before one should start purchasing items again: a debtors âprobationary periodâ?
Iâll speak from experience with a leather couch that we bought ourselves from an âimperfectionâ store that they certainly do show clear wear and tear over time. We do have three young children, but our leather couch is certainly showing some significant wear at about the four year mark. The level of wear is comparable to and perhaps slightly more than the wear on the microfiber couch in our family room over the same period.
I donât think a relatively wear-resistant couch is a bad purchase for a single mother. Just make sure you know what youâre buying before you do so. I would stick with either leather, vinyl, or microfiber with children in the house. Do your own researchÂ beforeÂ you talk to a salesperson.
As for a âprobationary period,â I donât think thatâs truly necessary. You just need to make sure youâre not buying things that will put you further in debt or reducing your ability to repay debt. If you have the cash in hand for this purchase and have been planning for it, then itâs a reasonable move.
Q8: Emergency fund and future
I have a really tight budget. Very little wiggle room and I donât have much in the way of savings. However, I have finally managed to save $1,000 and, with my upcoming tax return, I will be able to pay off all of my credit card debt. However, I have one credit card that has 0% interest for 1 year. I have about 9 months left on this one year term. So, I was thinking about keeping the balance of what I owe in my ING savings account so I can collect interest and then pay the credit card off before I start getting charged a interest. What would your advice be on that?
Now that I am able to pay off all of my credit cards debt, the only debt I will have is my car loan. The interest rate is 8.24% and I still owe about $13,000. My question is, since I have my $1,000 emergency fund, should I:
1. Continue building my cushion. $1,000 wonât even cover my rent ($1,100) or daycare ($1,200) expenses. I am the single, full-time working mother of a three year old. I really have done my research and I canât get a better deal for the hours I need.
2. Start investing. I havenât started any savings for my daughter or for my retirement and I know how important both of those are.
3. Should I start saving for a house. It sounds far-fetched but I qualify for the VA home loan and would really like to provide my daughter with a home to grow up in.
4. Or should I do some combination of all of the above?
Here are some things to keep in mind:
1. I am currently working on refining a budget. I have one but Iâm working on collecting receipts and such so I can track exactly how I am spending my money for the next couple of months and try to be even more responsible.
2. I am hoping to go back to school in the fall but it should only alter my income slightly as I will be receiving the post 9-11 GI bill which pays for school and gives me a monthly stipend.
My instinct is that I should continue building my cushion. However, I feel like it is very irresponsible for me to not at least consider to begin investing so I think I should start there. Then thereâs also the fact that a good portion of my furniture is falling apart and will likely need to be replaced in the near future so I will have to figure out how to save for those items as well. I guess this is a lot to dump on you but I would really appreciate your help with setting my financial priorities.
Having money in a savings accountÂ isÂ investing.
The idea that âinvestingâ is this magical thing that will somehow make your money multiply like rabbits is foolishness. Investing simply means devoting oneâs time, effort, or energy to a particular undertaking with the expectation of a worthwhile result.
When you invest in stocks â which seems to be what youâre pining for â you inherently take on some risk. Letâs say the next 12 months go like 2008 did and you lose 40% of your investment over that period, then you find yourself needing the money, then it was an awful investment.
An investment in a savings account, on the other hand, returns about 1% no matter what the economy is doing. If you find yourself needing your money back after a terrible year in the stock market, your savings account is a far better investment than the stock market.
You shouldnât put a dime in anything besides cash unless youâre quite confident youâre not going to need that money at all for quite a few years. Most investments outside of cash are very volatile and shouldnât be attempted unless youâve got a strong cash supply to get you through emergenciesÂ andÂ an understanding that there will be periods where youâre going to take an absolute beating on it.
Q9: My business partner is lazy
I work 40 hours per week at a regular job and also have a flourishing side business â so flourishing that I frequently make more money from it than from my regular job!!! My roommate lost his minimum-wage job several months ago so he is helping me out in exchange for room, board and cash here and there. We split up my profit evenly and that covers his share of the the rent, bills, some spending money etc. The problem is that he is not particularly helpful. There is no question that I couldnât run the business â at least not to this extent â without his help, itâs just that he only does the bare minimum of work. I did the math one time and for the amount of work heâs doing it comes to something like Iâm paying him up to $50/hour!
I am so swamped and have been working days 4 a.m.-9 p.m. while he works from about 2 p.m.-4 p.m. complaining the whole time! I want to start cutting back the side business as I am not ready to give up my full-time regular job. But taking fewer clients means that my roommate will have less of an âincomeâ and might begin to fall behind on bills and rent. And like I said I really do depend on him to keep growing my business. There are just some things I canât do because of my 40-hour/week office job and he is available to do those things. (This has been why Iâm so willing to give up so much of my profit. Because it was worth it to me.) If he had a regular job then he wouldnât be available to help me. Although honestly heâs so lazy that I donât think heâd even get another job. So I might have him falling behind on bills and rent anyway. Sometimes I wish that I could just start over with a new roommate/helper, one who really wants to work and would appreciate the opportunity (itâs a really fun job) but I have been friends with this guy since high school and I really care about him. Heâs been my roommate since college (10+ years.) And I think I am too old to go back into the old Craigslist roommate pool.
Will you help me sort this out? I am so tired and angry. I love both my jobs and also my friend so much.
This is a prime example of why friendships and finances rarely mix.
Your roommate is a freeloader. That person might be a wonderful long-time friend, but right now that person is leeching off your efforts.
You have to decide whether or not youâre okay with that. If you are, then swallow your displeasure and continue the arrangement. If youâre not, then you must have a talk with this friend about the business, and you need to separate your friendships and your business relationshps. Iâd tell your friend that if I were in your shoes.
Is this person an employee/partner first or a friend first? Thatâs really the question here.
How do you get anything done around the house without allowing your children to watch a ton of television? It seems like the only time we make significant progress on housecleaning, laundry, and home projects is when the children are focused on something that doesnât undo the housecleaning.
For starters, we just accept that our house isnât going to be perfectly clean while our children are young. With both parents working and with multiple young children, it is almost impossible to keep up with the wave after wave of chaos at all times.
Our solution is to allow them to watch limited television. We DVR programs that weâve pre-screened and our children are allowed to watch thoes and nothing else.
During the week, we donât watch any television. On the weekends, theyâre allowed to watch a few programs, during which Sarah and I get caught up on things.
As the children get older, they do become better at finding ways to entertain themselves. They also become more useful with regards to the household tasks.
Got any questions?Â Email them to me or leave them in the comments and Iâll attempt to answer them in a future mailbag (which, by way of full disclosure, may also get re-posted on other websites that pick up my blog). However, I do receive hundreds of questions per week, so I may not necessarily be able to answer yours.