So this is what a 21st century bank run looks like.
Depositors stay calm, shareholders panic. The government steps in with taxpayer money and guarantees. A few months later, banks' share prices plunge again, the government injects more capital, and so on.
No wonder people are angry. It's one thing to save, say, a Citigroup whose bad decisions helped create the mess to begin with. It's quite another when those rescues don't work.
That's why Friday's $8.3 billion quarterly loss and breakup of Citigroup into two entities and the $1.8 billion quarterly loss and latest government infusion of $20 billion into Bank of America are increasing pressure for decisive and fundamental reform of the financial system.
"The most important issue [for the US economy] is the financial system. You don't install new lighting until you've fixed the wiring, and the economy's wiring is the financial system," write David Backus, Matthew Richardson, and Nouriel Roubini of New York University in a New York Post op-ed.
Separate dross from gold
At a minimum, this means separating the banks from their so-called toxic mortgage-related assets. That's what is now slated to happen with Citi's breakup: One entity, called Citicorp, will handle commercial, retail, and investment banking; the other, Citi Holdings, will hold everthying else, including an estimated $301 billion in risky assets. Much of these assets are to be sold off or worked through.