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What happened to all that anger over CEO pay?

Now that most of the firms that received taxpayer money have paid back the government, they're setting their own compensation levels again. CEOs of major US firms make nearly 300 times the wage of the average American worker.

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In this November 2009 file photo, CEO of GM of Europe Nick Reilly meets the media in central Germany. General Motors Co. disclosed on Monday, June 4 that seven executives will get roughly $7.5 million in company stock as part of their pay packages. CEO pay continues to soar.

Daniel Roland/AP/File

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With last month's sweeping financial reform bill, Congress has finally moved to tame runaway executive pay. Sort of.

It says shareholders must vote on a CEO's pay package, though the vote is nonbinding. Has Congress thereby put an end to sky-high salaries in the executive suite?

"Totally ridiculous," says Sam Pizzigati, an editor of a newsletter on income inequality put out by the liberal Institute for Policy Studies. Shareholder votes only rarely alter corporate decisions.

Given the political anger last year over the pay and bonuses of corporate officials, especially those on Wall Street and at American International Group, such tepid reform is surprising. President Obama expressed outrage in March 2009. His administration capped executive pay at firms receiving bailout money.

That move and the recession had a small impact. In 2008, the CEOs of major US firms were paid more than 300 times the wage of the average American worker. Last year, they were paid just under 300 times average pay, according to new research by Mr. Pizzigati. Now that most of those firms have paid back the government, they're setting their own compensation levels again.

Those levels would astonish the bosses of top corporations in the late 1960s. Those CEOs got about 30 times the average wage of US workers.

Are today's bosses 10 times more capable? Is there a shortage of able managers? Nope and nope, says Pizzigati. "There is more management talent today than ever before."

CEO pay inflation certainly enriches a few. It also has meaningfully shifted corporate earnings away from employees and shareholders, according to Harvard Prof. Lucian Bebchuk.

It also damages employee morale, says Ralph Nader, the famed consumer advocate, in an interview. Wal-Mart's CEO gets $10,000 an hour, he notes, while 1 million of his employees are paid between $7.25 and $10.50 an hour.

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