In same-sex marriage, Supreme Court walks a middle road
In its two decisions that benefit same-sex marriage, the Supreme Court neither remains silent nor makes a definitive ruling. Instead, it demonstrates its power to participate in ongoing public discourse about a controversial social issue, without drowning out further debate.
J. Scott Applewhite/AP
What should the US Supreme Court do when facing a contested moral issue? In today’s rulings in two same-sex marriage cases, the court decided to add its voice to the public discussion, rather than either remain silent or offer a definitive ruling that might end additional democratic development. The court thus demonstrated its power to participate in ongoing public discourse, without drowning out further debate.
Specifically, the court today acknowledged that states have the right to define marriage, and struck down the federal Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) that denied federal benefits to gay couples legally married under state law.
In another case, it found that proponents of California’s Proposition 8, which defined marriage as between a man and a woman, had no legal right to contest a lower court’s overturning of Proposition 8.
The decisions – both narrow 5-4 rulings – benefit gay marriage without ruling explicitly on its constitutionality.
In addressing controversial social matters, this court apparently fears getting ahead of social change, but neither does it wish to be left behind.
That has not always been the case. Roe v. Wade, the controversial 1973 decision establishing a constitutional right to abortion, is often cited as the court’s anticipating a moral consensus that failed to emerge. In Bowers v. Hardwick in 1986, by contrast, the court rejected a right to same-sex intimacy in language that in retrospect appears harsh and intrusive. The court was burdened by Bowers for 17 years, until its overruling in Lawrence v. Texas in 2003. The Roe controversy continues to this day.