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Europe gets serious on climate

Its plan may be flawed, but at least Europe is taking action. What is the US willing to do?

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Its leaders say Europe's new plan to fight global warming will cost its citizens only an extra $4.35 per week. If true, what will they get for that burden? Leadership on climate change. Less dependence on foreign oil. And perhaps a jump in developing "green" technologies.

In an announcement yesterday (see story, Page 1), the European Commission said it aims to tighten the provisions of its three-year-old Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS). That would enable Europe to reach its goal of reducing carbon emissions to 20 percent below 1990 levels by 2020. The plan will also nearly triple electricity generated by renewable sources (wind, solar, etc.) from 8.5 percent today to 20 percent and mandate that biofuels (made from corn, sugar cane, etc.) make up 10 percent of vehicle fuels by 2020.

The ETS employs a so-called cap-and-trade plan that allows industries to buy and sell permits to emit greenhouse gases, which scientists say contribute to global warming. The ETS has seen considerable criticism for distributing too many free permits, which have failed to produce much change, and for allowing companies to buy permits from outside Europe for projects of dubious environmental value.

The new rules would require big emitters, such as electric utilities, to purchase permits, if they need them, beginning in 2013. By raising the cost of polluting, the theory goes, industries will be forced to become more efficient and will seek out alternative energy sources.

Each country will have goals designed for its circumstances. Fragile economies, such as Bulgaria and Latvia, face the lowest hurdles. The billions of dollars in revenue raised from initially selling permits to industries will go to national governments and could be used to promote alternative fuel sources and new technologies.

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