Protests in Cairo since Friday reveal the grab for dominance by the military and Muslim Brotherhood in coming elections. Civilian, secular authority is needed for a clean transition to democracy.
Egyptians overthrew a dictator nine months ago but they have yet to overthrow the dictatorial tendencies of two powerful groups – the ruling military council (which has the guns) and the Muslim Brotherhood (which holds religious sway over the rural poor).
With a vote set for Nov. 28 to elect a transitional constitution-writing Parliament, both groups are trying to preserve their influence by denying key democratic principles.
The military, led by the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces, insists on unelected seats in the new Parliament, most likely to prevent scrutiny of itself. And the Muslim Brotherhood suggests that the majority in any democracy must prevail with little regard for individual or minority rights and that all laws be guided by Islam’s sharia law.
Egypt’s unfinished revolution is still largely led by idealistic youth who seek fairly elected secular government as well as a constitution that upholds basic rights. If that goal can be achieved in Egypt – long a model for the Middle East – it would help cement political freedoms for the region.
For now, however, the intellectual battle over civil liberties is being played out on Egypt’s streets, with control over Cairo’s Tahrir Square as the symbol of which side has the upper hand in this national debate.
Last Friday, thousands of Muslim Brotherhood followers gathered in the square to protest the military’s dominance, only to be pummeled by police, who, in turn, were hit with rocks from young people demanding immediate civilian rule and a delay in the elections to allow a fair opportunity for new political parties. At least two dozen protesters have been killed.