The best response to natural events like hurricane Sandy lies in a community preparing its political, civic, and even cultural attitudes. Each disaster, such as Katrina, teaches new lessons. What can America's mid-Atlantic region learn from Sandy?
When a massive natural event like hurricane Sandy strikes, most people make material preparations for the worst – a necessary batten-down-the-hatches response. Plywood and other supplies fly out of the local Home Depots. Coastline families evacuate.
But behind that wise adaptation lies a more important response, as climate-change journalist Mark Hertsgaard points out in a recent book, “Hot: Living Through the Next Fifty Years on Earth.”
He writes that “social context matters more than technological prowess.” That context includes a “mix of public attitudes, cultural habits, political tendencies, economic interests and civic procedures.”
That is, it is the bonds that hold a community together that matter. Qualities such as resiliency, foresightedness, affection. Such attributes make a big difference in dealing with potential disaster.
Mr. Hertsgaard traveled the world to find good examples of climate-change adaptation. He discovered that wealth or material resources may not count as much as ingenuity and social cohesion.
In the dry Sahel of northern Africa, for example, he found some of the world’s poorest and most illiterate farmers have bonded together to grow trees near their crops. That effort helped to rehabilitate “degraded savanna that was on the verge of becoming a desert.” He called it a “green miracle.”
Their response to drought and desertification can be compared to the way that the wealthy Dutch have worked over the centuries to hold back sea flooding through elaborate dikes and waterways.