After months of anticipation, Comet ISON grazed by the sun on Thanksgiving Day (Nov. 28). Something emerged on the far side, but NASA astronomers can now confirm: ISON is no longer a comet.
Comet ISON sprang into public awareness shortly after its discovery, when its early brightening inspired hopes that it would blaze like the full moon. Quickly dubbed the "Comet of the Century," ISON continued its plunge from the Oort Cloud to the sun, but despite predictions, it failed to brighten much. It buzzed by Mars, where NASA's HiRISE observed it, then it passed through the orbits of all the inner planets before skimming the sun on Nov. 28.
Scientists were riveted. Would ISON's ices melt completely in the sun's heat? Would it get drawn in by the sun's gravity? Or – as amateur astronomers everywhere hoped – would it survive, achieve its early promise, and light up the sky?
ISON got lost in the sun's glare, ultimately passing less than 1.2 million miles from the sun's surface. Even sun-observing instruments couldn't keep track of it at the most critical moment, since they block out the brightest part of the sun to protect their instruments.
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