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How pro-WikiLeaks hackers wage cyberwar without hijacking your computer

Some 'hacktivists' use malicious software to capture and control unwitting computer 'zombies,' but WikiLeaks avenger 'Anonymous' is using social media to mobilize hordes of volunteers.

A screen shot of MasterCard's website on Wednesday after pro-WikiLeaks hackers crashed the website in apparent retaliation for its blocking of donations to WikiLeaks.


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Botnets, networks of thousands of computers working in tandem, have become one of the most pervasive threats on the Internet – a tool used by criminals for extortion, spamming and identity theft – but also by hacktivist groups that want attention.

And they are the weapons of choice for “Anonymous,” the loosely affiliated global cybermilitia that has been waging retaliatory attacks on major corporations in defense of WikiLeaks and its embattled founder, Julian Assange.

Typically, building botnets requires using malicious software to invade thousands of poorly guarded computers, take them over, and thus make them "zombies." Each zombie can fire thousands of requests per second at a target website. Thousands of zombies collected by a "bot-herder" then become a botnet.

But Anonymous has taken a different approach with Operation Payback, the name it has given its bid to avenge efforts to shut down WikiLeaks. It is building its own home-grown "voluntary" botnet, attracting people to put the botnet software on their own computers. About 2,200 or more people have done so by one count.

The cost of botnet technology is cheap. Anyone who wants to buy a "botnet kit" to build their own can do so for less than $1,000, says Derek Manky, a botnet expert at Fortinet, a Sunnyvale, Calif., Internet security firm.


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