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The second of four parts in their plan is “attracting the world’s best and brightest” by overhauling the system for legal immigration. “Our immigration proposal will award a green card to immigrants who have received a PhD or Master’s degree in science, technology, engineering, or math from an American university,” their framework says.
Although embraced by many economists, this idea remains controversial in the public eye – as are many facets of immigration reform. Granting access to trained foreign workers may appear to be a direct threat to US workers, at a time when legions of native-born college grads are having trouble finding jobs in their fields of study.
The jobs recovery since the recession of 2007 to 2009 has been faster for immigrants than for native-born workers, the Pew Research Hispanic Center found last year. The center said the pace of immigrant job growth was in line with the growth in the group’s working-age populations.
But the argument in favor of a welcoming stance, voiced by Obama, is that immigrants historically have made a large contribution to entrepreneurial job creation. He said that in recent years 1 in 4 new high-tech firms and small businesses have been founded by immigrants.
The message: More green cards and citizenship approvals should translate into more jobs.
Obama added that labor leaders, as well as business groups, are rallying behind the idea of immigration reform.
More broadly, many economists argue that it’s inaccurate to view immigrants as taking jobs from native-born workers. The newcomers are a supply of new labor, but they also bring demand for new goods and services.
A 2009 United Nations report, for example, argued that “migrants boost economic output, at little or no cost to locals.”