Congress has spent all its time on other efforts, like healthcare. Now, time is running short to pass a federal budget, and Congress is having to take its typical shortcuts.
Scott J. Ferrell/Congressional Quarterly/Newscom
Congress is on a tear to wrap up spending bills, extend an otherwise expiring estate tax, and raise the national debt limit by $1.9 trillion by year's end.
Getting there will involve some of the toughest votes of the year, especially for lawmakers who won their seats on a pledge to restore fiscal balance to Washington.
The push to move the Big Three reform bills – healthcare, financial regulation, and climate change – has all but eclipsed the annual business of paying the bills to fund the government. Now those deadlines are piling up.
In a bid to avoid a government shutdown Dec. 18, the House is pushing to complete work on the fiscal year 2010 defense spending bill. As a must-pass bill, it’s also a vehicle for other leadership priorities, such as a new jobs bill, a six-month extension of unemployment insurance, and a controversial debt limit increase.
The Senate on Sunday voted a $446.8 billion omnibus spending bill to fund the other five of the six remaining appropriations bills for fiscal year 2010.
The 'pork' process
It’s not the year end that Democrats had hoped or that President Obama had promised. Mr. Obama campaigned to end the former GOP majority’s habit of defaulting to omnibus spending bills that lump several bills into one, rather than having a robust floor debate on each individual bill.
Absent floor scrutiny, omnibus bills are typically loaded with members' pork-barrel projects. Democrats made an effort to trim the pork in this year’s omnibus package. The fiscal year 2010 spending bills passed so far include 7,577 disclosed earmarks worth $6 billion, according to the watchdog groups Taxpayers for Common Sense (TCS). But the defense spending bill, yet to be passed, typically includes nearly as many lawmaker special projects as all the others combined – $4.9 billion in FY 2009.
“We’ve seen slight progress at least in the reductions and dollar amounts of earmarks, and we certainly know a lot more about them than we did just a few years ago,” says TCS vice president Steve Ellis, referring to new transparency requirements for earmarks launched by the Democratic majority. “But we’re still spending billions on projects that represent a political process rather than a merit-based process."