The decision to back a move to the floor doesn’t ensure passage. Democrats still need at least one Republican vote to pass the reform – and perhaps two votes, given that one Democratic senator, Ben Nelson of Nebraska, has been siding with the Republicans in their blocking techniques.
Weeks of debate ahead
Once the 1,400-page bill hits the floor, debate and votes on amendments could go on for weeks.
“We’re going to have a very busy couple of weeks coming up now,” said Sen. Christopher Dodd, who as the chairman of the Senate Banking Committee will be managing the bill on the floor. “There are lots of members who have very strong feelings about this bill.”
For one, Republicans hope to curb the proposed independent consumer protection agency – an agency that they say could harm small businesses that extend credit, including dentists, car dealers, and small manufacturers.
“This massive new bureaucracy would have unchecked authority to regulate whatever it wants, whenever it wants, however it wants," said Sen. Richard Shelby (R) of Alabama, the ranking member of the Senate Banking Committee. "I am aware of no other arm of the federal government this powerful, yet so unaccountable,” he said, adding that he could not support the bill in its current form.