Most of the petitions feature identical wording for each state, and ask the Obama administration to allow the states to create a new government that would operate independently of the United States. They cite what they perceive as the federal government’s failure to reduce spending and its unspecified attack on civil rights.
“Given that the state of Texas maintains a balanced budget and is the 15th largest economy in the world, it is practically feasible for Texas to withdraw from the union, and to do so would protect it's [sic] citizens' standard of living and re-secure their rights and liberties in accordance with the original ideas and beliefs of our founding fathers which are no longer being reflected by the federal government,” reads the petition for Texas, which at time of writing had garnered 72,558 signatures, the most of any state. An individual in Arlington, Texas, created the petition on Nov. 9, three days after the presidential election.
According to the White House, petitions that are signed by at least 25,000 people are reviewed, and the White House will eventually e-mail a reply to every signatory. So far, that has not happened.
Of course, no state would launch a plan to secede on the whim of signatories to an online petition. Besides, the 14th Amendment, crafted after the Civil War, forbids states from declaring independence from the Union. A state cannot “abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States,” it states.
“The 14th creates a national model of citizenship and how it is enforced, and it’s not been seriously questioned since [the Civil War],” says Mr. Henson. “The notion of citizenship is state-driven, but the 14th, in law and in constitutional thought, and the Civil War in action, really settled the question,” he says.
The Obama administration introduced “We the People,” at petitions.whitehouse.gov, in September 2011 in a bid to create “an unprecedented level of openness in government,” according to the website. Signatories need leave only their first names, the first initial of their last names, and the names of their locations.