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Why do kids kill? School murders in Sparks, Danvers revive questions

Tragic headlines out of Sparks, Nev., and Danvers, Mass., notwithstanding, the number of juvenile homicide offenders has lately hit a 30-year low. 'Nothing's different about kids' today, says one criminologist.

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Parents and Danvers High School students hold candlelight vigil to mourn the death of Colleen Ritzer, a math teacher at Danvers High School, on Wednesday, in Danvers, Mass.

Bizuayehu Tesfaye/AP

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The headlines this week have been unavoidable:

•In Massachusetts, 14-year-old Philip Chism sits in jail, charged with murdering Danvers High School teacher Colleen Ritzer and awaiting a grand jury decision about whether he should be tried as an adult.

•In Nevada, a 12-year-old boy is dead by a self-inflicted gunshot wound after killing a teacher and wounding fellow students at Sparks Middle School.

•In California, a boy who was 10 when he shot and killed his abusive neo-Nazi father awaits sentencing as a juvenile.

Each case is different, but collectively they may prompt people to wonder if more young Americans are turning into murderers. What can explain such killings? Can they be prevented? How should young killers be punished or redeemed?

 

The first question is easiest to answer – with data. Though it’s not much comfort to the victims of any particular crime, the number of juvenile homicide offenders in the US recently hit its lowest level in 30 years.

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