Rio de Janeiro officials worry a judge's decision will unleash a rash of lawsuits in a city where 16 people were killed and 220 wounded by errant bullets last year.
São Paolo, Brazil
When Ana Maria Mendonça was hit by a stray bullet while standing at a bus stop, it's safe to say her first thought wasn't to sue Rio de Janeiro for its lack of security.
Not only are police bullets among those that cause the scores of stray bullet deaths and injuries in Rio each year, but few Cariocas, as people from Rio de Janeiro are known, really believe the city's notoriously corrupt and violent police force are there to serve and protect.
But Ms. Mendonça did sue, and in May, a judge backed her claim, to the tune of $15,000 in damages.
"The city of Rio de Janeiro is caught up in a whirlpool of violence," Judge Marco Antonio Ibrahim said in his summation. "People are being assassinated by stray bullets in their homes, at bus stops, in schools, on beaches, and at football stadiums. Saying the state is not responsible is, in practice, blaming the victim."
The city has appealed the decision, claiming it cannot be held responsible for the "omissions" of police officers.
The attorney general's office would not make anyone available for interview, but in a statement it said: "The state recognizes that public security is a constitutional obligation but nevertheless understands that this obligation is generic, not specific. The damage was not caused directly by an agent of the state."
More than 5,700 homicides
The judge's decision, however, is of clear concern for a state that recorded 5,717 homicides last year, almost three-quarters of them from gunshots.
Awarding damages for the police's lack of action – the bus stop where Mendonça was hit in 2007 is in a notoriously violent area and yet lacked a police presence – could open the flood gates to more suits.