3. What role is the government playing?
After a postponed, controversial general election, Michel Martelly, a musician-turned-politician, took office as president in May 2011. Political turmoil followed â€“ including five months without a prime minister â€“ leaving the government sidelined from the reconstruction process.
Just 10 percent of the $6 billion in aid has gone to the government. Prime Minister Laurent Lamothe recently told reporters that routing aid money to NGOs â€śweakened our institutions.â€ť
That may be changing. The government and NGOs say they are working together more closely. â€śIn 2010, there was very little [government] engagement,â€ť Mr. Pugh says. â€śWe see more capacity at the ministry level.â€¦ Theyâ€™re taking an active leadership role.â€ť
"No country will get out of poverty living on charity," President Martelly's administration told The Christian Science Monitor. "True, Haiti still needs help, but Haitians need â€¦ jobs and sustainable development."