Thousands gathered in support. But overall the group behind the 2002 attacks, Jemaah Islamiyah, poses a diminished threat today.
Authorities had warned beforehand of potential reprisal attacks by Jemaah Islamiyah, the terrorist network blamed for the 2002 attacks and several other deadly bombings in Indonesia. Australia, home to many of the foreigners killed on Bali, claimed to have received reports of possible terrorist attacks in Indonesia. Its embassy and the US mission in Jakarta last week received anonymous threats, prompting tightened security.
But terrorist experts and Indonesian security forces generally concur that Jemaah Islamiyah, a regional Al Qaeda affiliate, poses a diminished risk today compared with the time of the Bali attacks, as many of its leaders are in jail, dead, or on the run elsewhere in Southeast Asia. (Click here for the Monitor's series on the rise of Islamic militancy in Indonesia: How Al Qaeda lit the Bali fuse.)