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Q&A: What is Jemaah Islamiyah?

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The survivors of this earlier movement, called the Darul Islam ("House of Islam"), continued to be a thorn in the side of the Indonesian state for years, occasionally carrying out attacks and organizing through a tightly-knit group of Islamic boarding schools and mosques. Though their views have evolved over time, the ideological forefathers of the group today saw the military dictatorship that ruled Indonesia until the fall of Suharto in 1998 as irredeemably godless and corrupt and the only acceptable form of government to be, ultimately, an Islamic caliphate. Their views have also generally been hostile to Indonesia's Christians.

The modern terrorist group evolved from a circle of Indonesian clerics and supporters who were exiled to Malaysia in the 70s and 80s for their Islamic activism. Within days of Suharto's fall, they made plans to come home and try to seize control.

Who are they?

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