Laos produced 1,600 MW of energy before NT2 began operating, and Nam says the government wants to increase production to 23,000 MW by 2030. Both Vietnam and Thailand want to buy 7,000 MW each, while Cambodia wants 2,000. As far as China goes: "However much you have, they will import from you."
However, echoing a story that's played out for decades across Asia, Africa, and South America as developing countries dam their rivers for energy, critics say the dam projects will displace thousands of Laotians and cause irreparable environmental damage.
Such trepidations are groundless, according to Christopher Hnanguie, a country economist with the Asian Development Bank, which provided loans for the project. Eighteen years of research and consultation with local communities went into the project, he says, resulting in an agreement whereby resettled communities receive better housing, medical clinics, electricity, and financial assistance such as small business loans.
"The environmental and social safeguards are the best in the world," says Mr. Hnanguie.
While proponents of NT2 say adversely affected communities have been compensated and profits will be funneled into alleviating poverty, villagers affected from past projects say their lives have yet to improve.
"Life was definitely better in the old village," says a man who was relocated in 1997 to make way for the Huouay Ho dam, also in the central Laos province of Khammuan.