“Those who were advocating reconciliation, I think they did not understand the dynamic of Afghan conflict, including the nature of the Taliban and Pakistan’s geo-strategic mindset,” says Davood Moradian, a professor of political science at the American University of Afghanistan. “Now they have realized the incompatibility of our vision for Afghanistan and the region with the Taliban’s vision and Pakistan’s geo-strategic vision for the region.”
Negotiations with the insurgency have been considered in varying degrees for a number of years now, but the Peace Jirga in June 2010 pushed the idea to the forefront of discussions.
Several months after the Peace Jirga, Karzai created the High Peace Council to reach out to the Taliban, but the efforts seemed doomed from the start. The council was stacked with longtime enemies of the Taliban. Few people expected results and the council has yet to deliver substantive gains.
Since then, the peace process has seen more humiliations and missteps than achievements.