Benito Mussolini, Italy's fascist dictatorship, was paid $6,000 a week as a propaganda agent for Britain when Italy's alliance was shaky in WWI.
– He must rank as one of the least likely British spies of the 20th century. Benito Mussolini, who declared war on Britain at the start of World War II, was paid $24,000 a month by MI5 during World War I to generate pro-British propaganda.
His outfit of choice may have been a steel helmet and jack boots rather than a dinner jacket and bowtie, but the future dictator had no qualms about being put on the payroll of the British intelligence agency.
He was recruited by MI5 during the First World War, long before he turned Italy into a police state run by black-shirted bullyboys. At that time he was working as a journalist for a left-wing Italian newspaper, Il Popolo d'Italia, and the UK wanted an agent of influence.
By 1917, with millions of its men committed to the war against Germany and the Austro-Hungarian empire, Italy was wavering in its commitment to the Allies. Britain paid the future Il Duce 100 pounds a week – equal to about $6,000 itoday – to write favorable opinion pieces about Italy remaining in the war.
The secret deal was engineered by Sir Samuel Hoare, an MP and MI5's man in Rome, who ran a staff of 100 British intelligence officers in Italy.
The fact that Mussolini was working for the British has been known to historians for decades – Hoare revealed the arrangement in his memoirs more than 50 years ago.