North Korea warns US: negotiate or else(Read article summary)
North Korea is ratcheting up pressure for its longtime goal of bilateral talks with the US.
Unless the US agreed to bilateral dialogue, said the comment by a spokesman for North Koreaâ€™s foreign ministry, as reported by Pyongyangâ€™s Korean Central News Agency, North Korea would â€śgo its own way.â€ť
The message represents a clear attempt to ratchet up pressure on the US as North Korea pursues its longtime goal of negotiating with the US while isolating South Korea. North Korea has long sought dialogue with the US, never more so than in recent weeks. The question is whether the North, if talks are not held soon, will precipitate another â€ścrisis.â€ť
The spokesman, not identified by name, did not elaborate, but the clear implication was that North Korea would not otherwise consider a return to six-party talks on its nuclear program â€“ and might carry out more tests of long-range missiles, as well as nuclear devices, despite strong sanctions imposed after the last nuclear test on May 25.
The North Korean spokesman embellished on the theme by harking back to the statement of North Koreaâ€™s leader Kim Jong-il early last month after meetings in Pyongyang with Chinaâ€™s Prime Minister Wen Jiabao in which Mr. Kim said the six-party process depended on â€śthe outcomeâ€ť of talks with the US.
North Korea had been â€śmagnanimous enough to clarify the stand that it is possible to hold multilateral talks including the six-party talks,â€ť said the spokesman, and â€śnow is the US turn.â€ť
North Koreaâ€™s strongly worded remarks appeared as a follow-up to an uncertain meeting in New York on Oct. 24 between Ri Gun, the second-ranking North Korean nuclear negotiator, and Sung Kim, the US nuclear negotiator who ranks second to Stephen Bosworth, US special envoy on Korea.
Reports have been circulating for weeks that Mr. Bosworth is likely to go to Pyongyang late this month or next for talks that he has said would focus only on getting North Korea to return to six-party talks.
The State Department has confirmed no plans, however, amid strong concerns in South Korea that talks between the US and North Korea could lead to negotiations on the nuclear issue, which North Korea refuses to discuss with the South.
North Koreaâ€™s statement Monday implied that North Korea hoped for a deal with the US before returning to six-party talks, last held in Beijing in December 2008. The â€śdirect parties,â€ť North Korea and the US, said the foreign ministry spokesman, must â€śfind a rational solution.â€ť
US and South Korean officials, however, still believe North Korea will back down if only because of economic desperation. Yonhap, the South Korean news agency, quoted a â€śrankingâ€ť South Korean official as saying the US and South Korea were developing â€ścontingency plansâ€ť in case of the â€ścollapseâ€ť of the North Korean regime.
South Korea has dangled a bait in front of North Korea in the form of 10,000 tons of corn â€“ the first offer of aid since the election of conservative Lee Myung-Bak as South Koreaâ€™s president nearly two years ago. North Korea, accustomed to receiving several hundred thousand tons of food a year from the South for nearly a decade before Mr. Lee took office, has not responded.
Lee has called for a â€śgrand bargainâ€ť in which the North dismantles its entire nuclear program in exchange for a vast infusion of aid. The US, meanwhile, is talking about a â€ścomprehensive agreement.â€ť Lee and US President Barack Obama are sure to discuss these terms when Mr. Obama visits here in two weeks.
Kim Jong-il may be using lookalikes to hide his poor health.