At this time last year, South Sudan was preparing to become Africa's newest nation. Now the dispute between South Sudan and Sudan may turn both into the latest failed states.
If everything had gone according to plan, South Sudanese bureaucrats would have been scurrying around to make preparations for the country’s first annual independence day celebrations in July.
Its oil wells would be pumping and generating income to help build roads, electrical and water systems, hospitals, and schools. And its closest neighbor, the Sudanese government in Khartoum, would be sharing in oil revenues from all that South Sudanese oil being pumped through Sudanese pipelines to international markets.
Instead, Sudanese Antonovs and fighter jets are bombing South Sudanese villages; South Sudanese forces continue to occupy Sudanese territory along their disputed border; rebel forces have taken advantage of the disarray and begun taking territory in Sudan’s restive Darfur region; and the economies of both countries seem to be collapsing, according to the World Bank.
"The World Bank is deeply concerned with the economic and development impact of the unresolved oil issues and how this will affect the people of both South Sudan and Sudan, particularly the most vulnerable," the World Bank told the Sudan Tribune in a statement on May 7. "Given the desperate living situation being faced by people in both Sudan and South Sudan, the World Bank's economic analysis unambiguously shows that it is in the interests of both countries to resume talks urgently," the Bank added.
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