At an open-air Mass in Beirut on Sunday, Pope Benedict XVI spoke of the horrors and deaths resulting from conflicts in the region, and appealed to Christians living in the Middle East to be 'peacemakers.'
Speaking at an open-air Mass before a huge crowd, he urged the international community and Arab countries in particular to find a solution to end the conflict in neighboring Syria.
"Why so much horror? Why so many dead," Benedict said, lamenting that "the first victims are women and children."
With pilgrims from across the Middle East in the crowd he said Christians must do their part to end the "grim trail of death and destruction" in the region.
"I appeal to you all to be peacemakers," Benedict said.
Benedict spoke from an altar built on land reclaimed with debris from Lebanon's 1975-1990 civil war, pressing ahead with his call for peace and reconciliation between Christians and Muslims.
Benedict said that justice and peace are needed in building "a fraternal society, for building fellowship."
The 85-year pope, wearing green vestments, appeared to be holding up well in the Mediterranean heat.
Helicopters flew overhead and soldiers set up roadblocks and patrolled streets in downtown Beirut.