“So often what happens in cases involving state-sanctioned violence is the state also hides any evidence,” says Pamela Merchant, the CJA’s director. “It’s hugely important for survivors to have their stories acknowledged at all.”
Montano was named in a 1993 United Nations report on human rights abuses during the Salvadoran war. It was the CJA that in 2008 first filed a criminal complaint in Spain for the Jesuits’ killings (20 people were included in the May indictments). It was the CJA that in August publicized Montano's presence outside Boston and his military past.
As part of a criminal investigation, Immigration and Customs Enforcement’s Homeland Security Investigations arrested Montano that month. He was charged in November with making false statements on an immigration application and perjury. [Editor's note: The original version of this story incorrectly described the independent investigations of the CJA and US Immigration and Customs Enforcement that lead up to the arrest of Mr. Montano..]