Economic development was key for many Kuwaitis, but Saturday's parliamentary poll seated tribal leaders and Islamists, signaling more political stagnation ahead. While women won the right to vote in 2005, no female candidates were elected.
Kuwait City, Kuwait
The vote was meant to resolve a two-year political standoff between parliamentarians and the country's cabinet ministers. But after hard-line Islamists and tribal leaders scored major victories in Saturday's parliamentary poll, many say the bickering will only continue, keeping this oil-rich nation from catching up to its booming Gulf neighbors.
The speedy economic development in Dubai and Qatar, the newly glitzy emirates where democracy doesn't get in the way of business, loomed large in the election here. Many Kuwaitis blame both the government and the parliament for the lack of progress even though the country had $32.7 billion surplus for the 2007-08 fiscal year.
"Kuwaitis are very disappointed at being left behind in terms of advancement [compared] to their [Gulf] neighbors, especially since Kuwait led the region up until the '80s," says Suliman al-Atiqi, a management student at the American University of Kuwait.
"Kuwait has now definitely acknowledged the competition ... and seems very eager for a comeback. A comeback however will only be under way should the government privatize further government-controlled fields and find a way to make business easier to conduct from a bureaucratic level," he says.
Islamist and tribal MPs have traditionally rejected government proposals for economic reform, preferring instead to perpetuate a cradle-to-grave welfare system. For example, in the last parliament, tribal and Islamist MPs supported a proposal to forgive Kuwaiti citizens personal debt estimated at more than 4.6 billion dinars (about $17 billion). The government balked at the plan but later agreed to set up a fund to help debt-ridden Kuwaitis, many of whom face jail terms when they default on loans.